County property tax assessments are higher
“We’re very hopeful taxes don’t go up much,” Breakstone said. “The good news is, values have gone up.”
This year’s property tax assessments are based on the 3,119 sales from Jan. 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008. And, during that time, most areas still showed a hefty increase in prices. Sales that occurred after June 30, 2008 won’t be compiled for assessment values until 2011.
While some homeowners may be upset that the recent real-estate slowdown probably won’t be reflected in this year’s tax assessment, there’s nothing the county can do; it is subject to Title 39 of the Constitution, which defines the time periods Breakstone can compile. Breakstone said the county realizes, and empathizes with the fact that the last six months of 2008 data could decrease property valuations, but her hands are tied. The county did throw out the last six months of 2006 when sales were going gangbusters, because assessors “thought they would be pumping in a great increase,” she said. She added that homeowners might see the decrease in 2011, but only if real-estate sales continue to slow.
“This (recent decrease) could just be a blip,” she said.
Still, those homeowners who like to see small, rather than large, increases in the county’s valuation of their properties can rest assured knowing they won’t be paying 30 percent more in taxes if their property value went up by 30 percent.
Why not huge taxes?
While property taxes do increase with values, the mathematical calculation is not as simple as multiplying the home value by the assessor ratio of 7.96 percent, multiplied by the mill levy. Two amendments and three other factors weigh into the final amount of taxes homeowners pay.
First, the Tabor Amendment sets limits on how much any taxing entity — such as schools, fire departments, water and sanitation departments and, in Summit County’s case, Colorado Mountain College — can use.
Second, the Gallagher Amendment restricts residential owners to paying only 45 percent of the tax burden, which has collectively saved homeowners nearly $11 billion in property taxes since the amendment passed in 1982. That also means commercial real estate, industrial, vacant landowners and mining claims have paid disproportionately more; a $1.3 million home would pay $5,588 in taxes, while a piece of vacant valued the same would pay $20,361, Breakstone said.
The three factors that affect amounts individual residents pay are: population, total value of property in the county and taxing entities’ budgets.
Since 2007, Summit County has added more than 300 new taxpayers — including commercial buildings such as Walgreens — to distribute tax costs. Moreover, the total value of property in the county has increased from $10.9 billion in 2005 to $17.9 billion in 2009. (This number may decrease slightly, depending on how many property owners appeal to the county for a re-evaluation of their property’s worth.) Finally, the budgets of the taxing entities (schools, fire departments, etc.), which come out in November, affect tax rates. If budgets don’t increase significantly, taxes won’t be affected as dramatically.
“With these three factors considered, property taxes may increase, but at a percentage much lower than the increase in county property value(s),” Breakstone said.
Want more info?
Breakstone presented a wealth of data Thursday at a PowerLUNCH held by the Summit Chamber of Commerce at Quality Inn & Suites in Silverthorne. Her presentation broke down sales by area, type of property, numbers of foreclosures and more (see box for a snapshot of information). She then compared current numbers to those dating back to 2006.
She will hold an open meeting to discuss property values at 9 a.m. Friday, May 8 at the Community and Senior Center in Frisco. Early next week complete data can be found at www.co.summit.co.us.
homeowner’s questions at 9 a.m. May 8 at the Summit County
Community and Senior Center in Frisco.
All property valuation appeals must be made by mail, e-mail, fax or drop-off by June 1. Visit www.co.summit.co.us for all sales lists used to evaluate every area, or call (970) 453-3480 for more information.
Property value snapshot: Jan 1, 2007 to June 30, 2008
• Vacant residential land went up by an average of 38.5 percent in Summit County, with Breckenridge land increasing 99 percent and
Silverthorne/Dillon land increasing 60 percent. In Colorado, Rio Blanco County saw the biggest increase, at 189 percent. Summit came in fifth in the state, behind Pitkin and ahead of Eagle.
• Homes (single and multi-family) appreciated by an average of 24.5 percent, ranking Summit sixth in the state. In contrast, Adams County saw a 12-percent decrease in home values.
• Keystone single-family homes appreciated 24 percent; Breckenridge by 21 percent; Frisco and Copper by 19.6 percent; and Silverthorne and Dillon by 16.2 percent.
• The total decline in sales volume from 2007 data to 2009 data was 23.8 percent. Vacant land was down the most, at 34.4 percent,
followed by townhomes (32.9 percent), condos and single-family homes (both 21.7 percent), commercial space (18.3 percent) and duplexes (15.4 percent).
For answers to your real estate questions, call Allison at 970-468-6800. Email - [email protected]. Allison is a long time local in